By Catherine Clabby

With additional reporting by Taylor Knopf

In a bipartisan response to outrage over contaminated drinking water, members of the North Carolina House of Representatives voted unanimously Wednesday to give state environmental regulators more money to prevent pollution.

A proposed $1.3 million fund would not be a huge boost to the state’s $77 million share of the Department of Environmental Quality’s budget. It would, however, be a small reversal of a seven-year trend in the General Assembly to trim state environmental protection programs.

Will it become law? Not soon, if at all, apparently.

The Senate adjourned Wednesday before the high-profile House Bill 189 even cleared the House appropriations committee, frustrating House backers.

Senate Leader Phil Berger (R-Eden) issued a statement sent to reporters Wednesday evening signaling that he opposes the bill.

headshot of older white man
Rep. Ted Davis, Jr. (R-Wilmington)

But hopes were higher earlier Wednesday afternoon when Rep. Ted Davis (R-Wilmington) led a successful effort to convince all House members present to invest more money in DEQ.

The money would buy an instrument that can detect unregulated chemicals in state waters. Additionally, the money would provide staff to both operate it and attack a sizable backlog of DEQ waste disposal permit applications.

While making the sell, Davis and others stressed that the funding was likely the first step of a more elaborate government response needed to detect of the compound GenX and other chemicals of concern in the Cape Fear River basin and around the state.

“We are moving forward on something that we were able to get the stakeholders to agree on as much as possible,” said Davis, whose House Select Committee on North Carolina River Quality endorsed taking action after four meetings digging into GenX contamination beginning in September.

Latest twist in the GenX saga

Detection of GenX pollution in and near the Cape Fear River has expanded over seven months, starting with disclosure last summer that the hard-to-breakdown chemical was tainting municipal drinking water supplies in the City of Wilmington and in Brunswick and Pender counties.

shows map of water authority's service area comprising mostly the lower tip of New Hanover County
This map of the Cape Fear Public Utility Authority’s service area as of June 2017 shows areas shaded in blue that receive water from the Sweeney Water Treatment Plant and areas in green receive water from various groundwater sources. Source: CFPUA

Since then the compound and related perfluorinated compounds have been detected in increasing numbers of household  drinking wells close to where the chemicals have been released: a Chemours-owned chemical plant compound in Bladen County. Evidence is increasing, too, that some of the pollution may have been released into the air.

Decades ago, DuPont built and ran the chemical plant that now produces GenX. Chemours, a DuPont spinoff, took over in 2015. Chemours asserts that its waste poses no health risks.

The EPA is investigating whether the company violated a consent agreement sharply restricting GenX’s release into water. After Chemours failed to disclose a leak, DEQ in November announced it would pull the company’s permit that allows it to release wastewater into the Cape Fear.

Evidence of unwelcome chemical contamination, created by likely carcinogen 1,4 dioxane and other compounds, has been found elsewhere in North Carolina, too. House members supporting the DEQ funding said that more aggressive, long-term protections against water pollution are needed.

DEQ Secretary Michael Regan, appeared briefly before the House appropriations committee Wednesday to support the bill. He argued that preventing chemical pollution is good for business as well as the protection of natural resources.

“This is a much needed first step in longer term conversation we need to have with this body pertaining to protecting our environment and our economy,” he said.

Shows two women in a lab, manipulating tools in order to test water samples, which are arranged on the tabletop
DEQ staff sampling Bladen County water for GenX in 2017. Their agency wants more money for detection and abatement of the chemical, which has befouled the Cape Fear River. Photo credit: NC DEQ

The House bill would allow DEQ to purchase a high-resolution mass spectrometer, which can detect very small amounts of chemicals in water. DEQ has depended on an EPA lab in Research Triangle Park, as well as testing paid for Chemours to measure GenX levels in water samples. But the EPA has its own projects and cannot continue to provide that service, Assistant Secretary Sheila Holman said Wednesday.

The bill would give the Gov. Roy Cooper’s administration only a portion of the requested $2.5 million for funding to prevent water pollution .The General Assembly did not grant that request last summer. During Wednesday’s appropriations committee, Democratic House members failed to win approval of an amendment that would have funneled money to the state Department of Health and Human Services as well.

Rare bipartisan support

After the amendment failed, supporter Rep. Pricey Harrison (D-Greensboro) told fellow lawmakers she was disappointed. But she also stressed that she was grateful to Davis and other Republican leaders of the House river quality committee for digging into the GenX contamination problem so diligently and backing House Bill 189.


“I never sat in a committee that had such substantial discussions as we have had,” said Harrison, a leading advocate of expanding environmental regulation.

House Bill 189 includes other initiatives requiring no funding, some of which will occur whether or not the bill passes because DEQ has launched them, Holman said. The bill would require:

  • Department of Health and Human Services staff to consult with DEQ’s Science Advisory Board when developing health goals for contaminant exposure levels.
  • DEQ staff to assess how well the agency runs a federally required permitting program that decides how much pollution industrial waste companies can discharge into streams, rivers and lakes.
  • DEQ staff to review existing reporting and notice requirements related to discharging pollutants released into the environment.

Another measure would instruct the School of Government at UNC-Chapel Hill to assess when water utilities have any legal liability for distributing contaminated drinking water.

shows woman standing at a podium, with a panel of lawmakers sitting behind her
Department of Environmental Quality Assistant Secretary Shelia Holman, bottom left, answers questions during the House River Quality Committee meeting in September 2017. Rep. Ted Davis, at podium, Rep. Frank Iler and Rep. Holly Grange are shown at right with legislative staff behind them. Photo: Kirk Ross

Michael Brown, chairman of the Cape Fear Public Utility Authority in Wilmington, said he supports the bill and appreciates the bipartisan action Wednesday in the House. But he said he sees no uncertainty about the liability issue.

“The liability here is clear. It is with the dischargers and what they are putting in the river,” said Brown, whose utility has filed just one of many lawsuits pending against Chemours and DuPont over the pollution.

Not just a lovefest

In written comments opposing the bill, Berger noted that Senate Republicans already appropriated money to improve water quality in the Cape Fear River in 2017 by funding research and utility projects intended to remove GenX from drinking water. The Senate is waiting on data that was expected in October to decide any next steps, he said.

“What the House passed today, unfortunately, does nothing to prevent GenX from going into the water supply,” Berger said in the statement sent to reporters.

NC Board of Nursing Protecting the Public y Regulating the Practice of Nursing

“It leaves North Carolina taxpayers holding the bag for expenditures that should be paid for by the company responsible for the pollution, fails to give DEQ authority to do anything they can’t already do, and authorizes the purchase of expensive equipment that the state can already access for free,” he said.

Gov. Cooper saw it differently. He issued a statement Wednesday sharply criticizing the General Assembly, clumping together his frustration over its failure to pass environmental and educational bills he supports.

“Today, legislative Republicans walked out on students, teachers and families concerned about overcrowded classrooms and safe drinking water,” Cooper said in the written statement. “When legislators return home today, North Carolinians in their communities should demand they take action.”

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Catherine Clabby

Catherine Clabby (senior environmental reporter) is a writer and editor. A former senior editor at American Scientist magazine, Clabby won multiple awards reporting on science, medicine and higher education...

One reply on “Only Partial Support for More GenX Funding”

  1. DEQ (Department of Environmental Quality)was reported to say they would pull Chemours’ permit to discharge into the Cape Fear… But did they? Did Chemours have to shut down their manufacturing process? Did they have to pay a fine? Or was it more “talk-the-talk” and not “walk-the-walk” by DEQ. Nothing likely has happened without coming before a judge – but it needs to be a FEDERAL Judge that can be completely objective and owes no political homage/allegiance.

    Politicians like Roy Cooper are quick to ask for more money to throw at a problem rather than investigating why current regulations were not enforced. It’s easy to spend other people’s money while ignoring government’s responsibility to regulate based on current regulations/environmental law and contracts with the agency that was to be reporting the test results. What is the comparative cost analysis to set up a lab(s) along the Cape Fear – and not just the equipment but building(s), salaries, training, benefits, etc. vs. better/improved oversight at the current central location? Are we sure it would be more effective – and not just more expensive? How about some “root cause analysis” before asking for $2.5 million, Governor?

    Throwing money at a problem without thinking it through is NOT the answer! And many citizens see through the mass hysteria and PR of trying to act concerned – by those who were responsible for ensuring that such things didn’t happen to begin with – in both political parties.

    These issues fall under Public Health as well as Environmental Law – both Federal and State. And they are not completely separate from past issues related to coal ash, etc. Governors assign the Secretary of Health. Does anyone else remember Dr. Davies resigning from the head of Public Health (Part if NC DHHS) because she’d been deceived about the health risks of coal ash? That was under the auspices of NC DHHS Secretary assigned by Pat McCrory, I believe. I suggest that only a Federal Investigation will get to the truth related to the pollution from Chemours into the Cape Fear River – and I shudder to even ponder whether DEQ is regulating the discharge from the Smithfield Plant in Tar Heel and other facilities any more effectively… I pray they are.

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