Community health clinics are supposed to be the safety net for people without insurance. As the Affordable Care Act gets implemented, even more are showing up at clinic doors.
By Michael Tomsic
WFAE, Kaiser Health News
Nurse practitioner Martha Brinsko helps a lot of patients manage their diabetes at the Charlotte Community Health Clinic.
“Most mornings when you check your sugar, what would you say kind of the average is?” Brinsko asked patient Diana Coble.
Coble hesitated before explaining she ran out of the supplies she needs to check her blood sugar levels and she didn’t have the gas money to get back to the clinic sooner. Brinsko helped Coble stock up again.
Coble – who is unemployed, lives with her sister and can’t afford insurance even now that the health law is in place – relies on the clinic for health care.
“They do a great job with everything,” Coble said. “I couldn’t do without them.”
Nancy Hudson was the clinic’s director as Obamacare rolled out and now consults for the clinic. She expected the insurance exchange, or marketplace, established under the Affordable Care Act would reduce the number of uninsured patients the clinic sees.
The opposite happened, she said.
“What we found within our patient population and within the community is that a lot of the advertisement and information about the marketplace brought people [in who] didn’t know anything about free clinics and did not qualify for any of the programs within the ACA marketplace,” Hudson said.
And now they get free or low-cost care at the clinic, which is designated by the government as an FQHC, or federally qualified health center.
The health law was designed to cover the poorest people by expanding Medicaid, the federal-state program for low-income people. But the Supreme Court made that optional. The result in states that didn’t expand Medicaid is a gap, where some people make too much money to qualify for Medicaid but not enough to qualify for insurance subsidies.
In North Carolina, about 319,000 people, like Coble, fall into the Medicaid gap.
“Over half of the people that we see would’ve been eligible for Medicaid expansion had the state elected to exercise that option,” said Ben Money, president of the association that represents North Carolina’s community health centers.
North Carolina is among the 21 states, including many in the South, that are currently saying no to Medicaid expansion. Louisiana is another.
Gary Wiltz, the CEO of 10 community health centers in southwestern Louisiana, said demand has surged. “We’ve gone from 10,000 patients to 20,000 in the last six or seven years, so we’ve doubled,” he said.
Wiltz said other things are at play too. The economic recovery hasn’t reached many of the poorest people, and some who do qualify for Obamacare subsidies say their options are still too expensive.
“The need keeps increasing, and I think that’s reflected throughout all the states,” he said.
Wiltz, who also heads the board of directors for the National Association of Community Health Centers, said clinics are packed even in states that expanded Medicaid. After all, most of the clinics treat Medicaid patients too.
The Charlotte clinic’s Nancy Hudson said there’s another part of the health law helping fuel the growth: additional funding for community health centers.
Hudson found out last week her clinic is getting about $700,000 to expand in partnership with Goodwill.
“Many of their clients did not have any access to health care,” she said. “They can’t train and sustain a job if they don’t have the basic needs taken care of, and health care is one of them.”
Nationwide, the federal government estimates its latest round of funding will lead to about 650,000 people getting better access to health care.
This story originally appeared in Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent program of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonprofit, nonpartisan health policy research and communication organization not affiliated with Kaiser Permanente.