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Corporal Punishment on Decline in N.C. Public Schools

October 14, 2013 by Editor in Children's Health, NC Health Beats

Corporal punishment, once a standard behavioral tool in schools, is becoming less common in North Carolina. Teachers are now trained to use positive reinforcement, which research shows is more effective.

By Marisa Grant

A recent study by Action for Children North Carolina shows that the use of corporal punishment is on the decline in the state’s public school system. During the 2012-13 school year, there were 184 reported incidents of corporal punishment, down from 404 the previous year.

Corporal punishment in the United States

Legality of corporal punishment in the United States: Blue: Corporal punishment prohibited in schools only; Red: Corporal punishment not prohibited. Image courtesy wikimedia creative commons.

Of 115 school districts, the use of corporal punishment remains in only six: Robeson, Graham, Swain, Madison, McDowell and Onslow.

Tom Vitaglione, a senior fellow with Action for Children North Carolina, said the decline in the use of corporal punishment is a result of “research that has found no academic benefit to hitting students. Districts have switched to other methods of discipline that are associated with positive academic outcomes. The most popular of these is Positive Behavior Intervention and Support.”

Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) involves a tiered-system approach in which teachers define behavioral expectations, outline consequences for problem behavior, develop methods of increasing communication between home and school and reward appropriate behavior.

A 2013 annual report from the N.C. PBIS Initiative indicates that there is a continued correlation between positive support in the classroom and academic success. The report found that during the 2011-12 school year, high schools that implemented PBIS had higher graduation rates than the statewide average.

Corporal punishment is defined as “the intentional infliction of pain upon the body of a student as a disciplinary measure.” In North Carolina, school officials are allowed to use wooden paddles and there are no restrictions on the number of times a student is allowed to be struck.

In fact, officials do not have to report the number of times a student was hit, only that corporal punishment was used. State law requires that the use of corporal punishment cannot result in any student requiring medical care beyond first aid.

Robeson County saw the highest use of corporal punishment in the state, with 141 of the 184 reported instances, or 76 percent. Representatives of the school district superintendent’s office and the support group Communities in Schools of Robeson County declined to comment on the study.

Corporal punishment has been prohibited by school authorities in 99 districts. In 10 districts, the practice is formally allowed but officials have chosen not to use it as a method of punishing students. Those districts are Alleghany, Alexander, Ashe, Bladen, Caswell, Macon, Person, Randolph, Stanly and Thomasville.

Opponents to the use of corporal punishment in the state include the state board of education, Superintendent June Atkinson, the N.C. Association of Educators and the N.C. PTA.

Multiple attempts to obtain a comment from Gov. Pat McCrory’s office about the use of corporal punishment in public schools were unsuccessful.

Cover cartoon of students receiving the cane, 1888. Copied and digitised from an image appearing in Queensland figaro, 28 July 1888, p. 140. Courtesy wikimedia creative commons.

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4 Comments

  1. Jay HanigOct 17, 2013 at 9:09 am

    I can remember watching Mr. Monteith paddle an unruly student in front of his entire 8th grade class using an oak board with holes drilled in it. I can also clearly remember thinking at the time: “Wow… I better not ever smart mouth Mr. Monteith!”

    I had no fear of the man. What I did have was respect.

    I myself was only paddled once in school (also in the 8th grade but by the principal). I was offered the choice of calling my father and explaining to him what I did or taking three licks with the “Board of Education”. I took the three licks and when I got home made no mention of the day’s events. I also never did what earned me that paddling again EVER. I’m sorry; I believe corporal punishment can be very effective. It sure worked on me.

    • joe maxwellDec 31, 2013 at 5:21 am

      You NEVER learned respect from being beaten, nor does anyone else, so please stop spouting your garbage. You may have been taught fear from someone that would use a weapon to hit you with but respect is earned. It is your “it worked for me” though fully realizing how it has harmfully affected thousands of others that keeps this disgrace in the Southern schools of America.

    • digitaldebrisApr 14, 2014 at 3:12 pm

      Child psychologists would all tell you you’re full of it. Sure, a child may comply at first but won’t really learn to do the right thing in order to do the right thing — it’s just about fear and avoiding punishment. Spanking and paddling are last-resort methods for lazy parents.

    • Jay HanigApr 14, 2014 at 3:34 pm

      Yes, you’re right. I see my error now. I will forget what my parents taught me as I can see they were wrong too. This is empowering. Now I can act like an animal and know it’s my parent’s fault for trying to teach me.

      I must have been some kind of slacker, not having spent a day in jail and contributing to society. What was I thinking? I could be like your kids probably are: entitled and respecting nothing.

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